Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2020, vol. 29, nr 4, April, p. 453–458
Publication type: original article
License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)
The relation of endocan and galectin-3 with ST-segment resolution in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
1 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey
Background. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. In patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), electrocardiographic measures of ST-segment resolution (STR) may give information about the myocardial perfusion and poor prognosis.
Objectives. To investigate the relation of endocan and galectin-3 levels with STR in STEMI patients.
Material and Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 98 consecutive patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI were enrolled. Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) scores were recorded. Electrocardiograms were assessed at baseline and 60 min after PPCI. According to STR levels, patients undergoing PPCI (n = 98) were divided into complete STR group (≥70%, n = 53) and incomplete STR group (<70%, n = 45).
Results. Serum glucose, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SYNTAX score, endocan and galectin-3 levels were significantly higher and ejection fraction was significantly lower in the incomplete STR (<70%) group (p < 0.05 for all). Body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.046) and galectin-3 (p = 0.037) were independently associated with the SYNTAX score. Endocan (p = 0.044) and galectin-3 (p = 0.017) were independent predictors of incomplete STR.
Conclusion. In patients with STEMI, the levels of endocan and galectin-3 may be helpful in identifying patients with a higher risk of insufficient myocardial perfusion and worse clinical outcome after PPCI.
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, galectin-3, endocan, ST-segment resolution
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