Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.736
5-Year Impact Factor – 2.135
Index Copernicus  – 168.52
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2019, vol. 28, nr 7, July, p. 857–860

doi: 10.17219/acem/81519

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Preoperative and postoperative risk factors in laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to open surgery

Uğur Ekici1,A,B,D, Faik Tatlı2,B,C, Murat Kanlıöz3,B,C,E,F

1 General Surgery Department, Esencan Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

2 General Surgery Department, Harran University, Urfa, Turkey

3 General Surgery Department, Atatürk Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Background. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is nowadays the gold standard in the surgical treatment of cholelithiasis and gallbladder diseases. But sometimes it may be inevitable to convert it to open surgery to safely end the procedure.
Objectives. In this study, we aimed to investigate the risk factors for conversion to open surgery from LC.
Material and Methods. The records of patients that underwent LC in Malatya State Hospital (Malatya, Turkey) between January 2013 and May 2014 were prospectively examined. One hundred and forty-five patients were involved in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: LC patients and patients converted to open surgery. For the patients in both groups, the preoperative age, gender, body mass index (BMI), disease history, previous abdominal operations, and preoperative laboratory findings were recorded, as well as the fact if the abdominal ultrasonography (US) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were performed.
Results. Of 145 patients involved in this study, 127 (87.5%) were female and 18 (12.5%) were male; their mean age was 46.54 years. Nineteen of the patients were operated on after ERCP due to acute cholecystitis and 6 patients were operated on after ERCP due to choledocholithiasis. In 134 of the patients (92.4%), the operations were completed laparoscopically, while the process was converted to open surgery in 11 cases (7.6%). Male gender, chronic disease history, normal BMI level, increased thickness of the gallbladder wall, increased preoperative blood glucose level, leukocytosis, preoperative ERCP history, grade 3 or 4 (Blauer scoring system) adhesions determined during the operation, and multiple stone presence in the bladder were found to be statistically significant risk factors for conversion to open surgery.
Conclusion. Patients in the risk group should be informed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons about the potential conversion to open surgery and decision on such conversion should be made when necessary.

Key words

cholelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, conversion

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