Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
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ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2019, vol. 28, nr 6, June, p. 777–782

doi: 10.17219/acem/94142

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Management of crossing vessels in children and adults: A multi-center experience with the transperitoneal laparoscopic approach

Wojciech Panek1,A,B,C,D, T.p.V.m De Jong2,E, Tomasz Szydełko1,E, Rafał Chrzan3,C,D,E,F

1 Division of Oncology and Palliative Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Department of Pediatric Urology, UMC-WKZ Utrecht, the Netherlands

3 Department of Pediatric Urology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Background. Crossing vessels (CVs) are common in older children and adults with hydronephrosis but no gold standard exists on how to treat this condition. The final decision is made intraoperatively by the surgeon.
Objectives. To assess the outcome of the laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty with translocation of the CVs in children and adults.
Material and Methods. Prospectively collected data from 3 departments was reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: 1) a transperitoneal laparoscopic approach; 2) dismembered pyeloplasty; and 3) the same operating pediatric urologist (RC) or urologist (TS). In the case of CVs, pyeloplasty with vessel transposition (children) or with cephalad translocation (adults) was performed. Forty-eight children and 41 adults met these criteria. Patients were divided into 4 groups: children with (group 1A) and without (group 1B) CVs, and adults with (group 2A) and without (group 2B) CVs. Any surgical reintervention at the uretero–pelvic junction (UPJ) was deemed a failure.
Results. The overall reintervention rate was 3/48 (6.25%) in children and 2/41 (4.9%) in adults (p > 0.05), and involved the following: 4 endopyelotomies and 1 redo pyeloplasty. Crossing vessels were identified in 28/48 (58%) children and 12/41 (29%) adults. The mean operation time was 152 min in group 1A and 161 min in group 2A (p > 0.5). Reintervention was needed in 2/28 patients in group 1A and in 1/12 patients in group 2A (p > 0.05). There was no difference in the failure rate between group 1A and group 1B, nor between group 2A and group 2B (p > 0.05).
Conclusion. Crossing vessels should be meticulously looked for during pyeloplasty in older children and adults. Dismembered laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) with dorsal transposition or cephalad translocation are comparable methods in terms of success rate for the treatment of UPJ obstruction in these patients.

Key words

laparoscopic, hydronephrosis, pyeloplasty, UPJO

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