Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.727
Index Copernicus  – 166.39
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 8, August, p. 1159–1168

doi: 10.17219/acem/74054

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Mandibular ridge reconstruction: A review of contemporary methods

Natalia Dorosz1,A,C, Marzena Dominiak1,E,F

1 Department of Oral Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Reconstruction can be very problematic in the case of mandibular alveolar bone loss, which can also hinder the implant restorative treatment. The aim of the study was to present current views on reconstructing the alveolar part of mandibular bone, which allows the insertion of implants and then the placement of denture. Based on the available literature, the efficacy of various techniques of filling of mandibular bone losses was described and compared. Reconstruction with autogenous bone block graft had been used as a gold standard. Recently, other techniques have appeared that offer better functional and esthetics results. They include reconstruction with allogeneic bone block graft, osteotomy allowing immediate insertion of implants, bone distraction, guided bone regeneration using titanium mesh (Ti-mesh), new techniques using scaffolds (biphasic calcium phosphate, poly-lactide-co-glycolide/tricalcium phosphate, bioresorbable polycaprolactone), Sonic Weld Technique® (Tuttlingen, Germany) using resorbable membrane and pins with polymer lactide acid (PLA), and the tent technique. These abovementioned techniques allow solving the problem of insufficient amount of bone for prosthetic treatment.

Key words

allogeneic bone, titanium mesh, scaffold, resorbable pins, tent technique

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