Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 193–199
Publication type: original article
Temporomandibular disorders in adolescents with headache
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
2 Department of Developmental Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
3 Department of Dental Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
4 Department of Oral Pathology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
Background. Headache is a common complaint in all age groups and is a frequent cause of medical consultations and hospitalization.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of bite and non-bite parafunctions as well as the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in adolescents presenting with primary headaches.
Material and Methods. Parents of adolescents presented with headaches to the Department of Developmental Neurology within a 12-month period were asked to complete a questionnaire developed by the authors of this study. Of the 1000 patients evaluated, 19 females and 21 males, aged 13 to 17 years, met the inclusion criterion – a confirmed clinical diagnosis of migraine or a tension headache according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition. The diagnostic algorithm of the study group consisted of a full medical history, an assessment of the occurrence of bite habits and a physical examination based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD).
Results. Bite and non-bite parafunctions were found in 36 of the study group patients. A significant difference (p = 0.0003) between the number of bite parafunctions and non-bite parafunctions was found in females but not in males. However, bite parafunctions were more frequent in boys compared to girls (p = 0.01).
Conclusion. Our findings suggest that it may be useful for pediatricians and neurologists to include TMD dysfunctions as a part of a standard examination of adolescents presenting with persistent headaches.
temporomandibular disorders, headache, adolescents
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