Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2018, vol. 27, nr 1, January, p. 77–82
Publication type: original article
Oxidative stress in colonic adenocarcinoma: An impact on the body’s antioxidative status and oxidative protein damage
1 Department of General and Oncological Surgery, Regional Integrated Hospital, Płock, Poland
2 Department of Endoscopy and One Day Gastroenterology, Regional Specialist Hospital of dr Wł. Biegański in Łódź, Poland
3 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
4 Department of Military Toxicology and Radiological Protection, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
Background. Thus far, the pathogenesis of these intestinal tumors has not been fully explained. However, the analysis of risk factors and research regarding their formation that have continued for 3 decades have allowed us to demonstrate a significant role of oxidative stress in the processes leading to the development of cancer in the large intestine as well as in some other organs.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to examine the level of anti-oxidative status and the degree of oxidative protein damage in patients with varying severity of colonic adenocarcinoma (CAC) in relation to healthy individuals.
Material and Methods. The study involved 4 groups (A–D) of patients with increasing severity of CAC stages according to Dukes’ classification and a control group of healthy volunteers. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of blood plasma, as well as carbonyl (C=O) group contents in blood plasma proteins as a product of their oxidative damage, were estimated in all participants. Both parameters were determined by spectrophotometric methods using commercial kit to test TAC and 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine to assay the contents of C=O groups.
Results. In each of the studied groups, A–D, a statistically significant reduction in the TAC values was noted relative to the control group, which progressed with increased severity of CAC stages: 1.783 mmol/L vs 1.191 mmol/L (group A), 1.07 mmol/L (group B), 0.931 mmol/L (group C), and 0.899 mmol/L (group D). At the same time, significantly increased contents of protein C=O groups were observed compared to the controls, also progressive in the course of growing CAC severity: 0.496 nmol/mg protein vs 0.57 nmol/mg protein (group A), 0.689 nmol/mg protein (group B), 0.804 nmol/mg protein (group C), and 1.054 nmol/mg protein (group D).
Conclusion. The CAC-related oxidative stress considerably reduces the systemic anti-oxidative status and increases the protein damage; both those changes become worse in parallel with the progression of this cancer.
oxidative stress, total antioxidant capacity, colonic adenocarcinoma, oxidative protein damage
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