Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2017, vol. 26, nr 2, March-April, p. 277–280
Publication type: original article
Serum carnitine and acyl-carnitine in patients with meningitis due to tick-borne encephalitis virus infection
1 Department of Biochemistry, Radioimmunology and Experimental Medicine, the Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Warszawa, Poland
2 Department of Infectious Diseases and Neuroinfections, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Background. Hard ticks are the main vectors of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). Free carnitine (FC) and acylcarnitines (AC) have the basic role in β-oxidation as well as the modulation of immune and nervous system. Homeostasis of carnitines in the TBE patients was not studied so far.
Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate FC and AC serum concentrations in patients with meningitis due to TBEV infection before and after 14 ± 3 days of treatment.
Material and Methods. The study was performed in 14 patients aged 48 ± 29 years that were divided a posteriori (based on their FC level before and after treatment) into 2 subgroups: 1–8 and 9–14. Diagnosis was based on the neurological, serological and pleocytosis evaluation.
Results. The FC level in patients 1–8 before treatment (24.1 ± 8.1) was significantly lower than in patients post-treatment (34.4 ± 8.3), lower than in the control group (40.5 ± 7.6), and lower than in patients 9–14 before treatment (40.0 ± 13.5) but not lower than in the patients 9–14 after treatment (24.7 ± 7.3 μmol/L), respectively, p < 0.05. AC concentration in the patients 1–8 before treatment (4.7 ± 2.2) was apparently lower than in patients post-treatment (9.5 ± 3.9 μmol/L) but the values were not significantly different. In patients 9–14 before treatment the AC concentration (16.3 ± 12.6) was higher than in patients after treatment (5.3 ± 4.0 μmol/L), but the difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion. FC and AC homeostasis in circulation was disturbed in the patients with meningitis due to TBEV infection patients. The mean levels of FC and AC in 60% of the patients were below the normal range but normalized after treatment whereas in 40% of the patients they were near or at a normal range and significantly decreased after treatment. Explanation of this intriguing finding and its clinical significance is not easy without further studies.
carnitine deficiency, tick-borne encephalitis, free carnitine, acyl-carnitine
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