Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.736
5-Year Impact Factor – 2.135
Index Copernicus  – 168.52
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2016, vol. 25, nr 1, January-February, p. 69–75

doi: 10.17219/acem/33842

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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The Structure of Fats and Fatty Acid Consumption in Elderly People with Cardiovascular System Diseases

Agata Skop-Lewandowska1,A,B,D,F, Emilia Kolarzyk1,E,F, Joanna Zając1,C,D,F, Jagoda Jaworska1,D,F, Izabela Załęska-Żyłka2,E,F

1 Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

2 Faculty of Health Sciences Jozef, The Malopolska Higher Vocational School of J. Dietl in Kraków, Poland


Background. Patients with cardiovascular system diseases having their origin in arteriosclerosis require special dietetic treatment. Among many nutritional components, fats in the diet (both their quantity and quality) play a very important role in primary and secondary prevention of these diseases.
Objectives. The aim of the study was the estimation of total fats participation (saturated fatty acids, monoand polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol) in the Daily Nutritional Ration (DNR) of elderly people with cardiovascular system diseases.
Material and Methods. The study included 128 persons (66 women and 62 men, mean age 73.2 ± 6.9) hospitalized in the 1st Clinic of Cardiology and Hypertension, UJCM in Kraków. Daily intakes of energy were estimated using the 24-h nutritional recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire.
Results. A higher consumption of fats and fatty acids was observed in men’s diet than in women’s diet. The percentage of energy from saturated fatty acids (10.6% M and W) was higher than dietary recommendations. The consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids was in accordance with nutritional recommendations. The participation in the diet of polyunsaturated fatty acids was insufficient versus the newest nutritional recommendations and was determined as 4.6% of energy in DNR in men and 4.1% of energy of DNR in women.
Conclusion. The excessive amount of saturated fatty acids together with the insufficient amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet are the result of the excessive consumption of products which are a source of animal fat and insufficient consumption of plant fat, fish and seafood.

Key words

fatty acids, elderly people, fat total, cardiovascular system diseases

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