Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.727
Index Copernicus  – 166.39
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2015, vol. 24, nr 1, January-February, p. 129–137

doi: 10.17219/acem/35476

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Validation of the Polish Version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14

Katarzyna Skośkiewicz-Malinowska1,A,B,C,D,F, Urszula Kaczmarek1,A,E,F, Marek Ziętek2,E,F, Barbara Malicka1,A,B,C,D

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Pedodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) is an example of a specific questionnaire used for assessing the quality of life in relation to oral health.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to validate the Polish version of the original English Short-Form OHIP-14 questionnaire.
Material and Methods. The Polish version of the OHIP-14 instrument had been prepared in accordance with generally accepted standards. The main study was conducted among a group of 150 subjects of both genders, aged from 35 to 91 who were randomly selected. Statistical analysis was made by STATISTICA software using the Cronbach alpha reliability test, Mann-Whitney U test, multiple comparison post-hoc test – LSD and Spearman`s correlation coefficient.
Results. The total OHIP-14 score was 8.72 ± 13.39, out of which the highest value was for item 4 (uncomfortable to eat 0.89 ± 1.19). The value of the alpha Cronbach coefficient was above 0.9 for all 14 items of the OHIP-14 instrument indicating excellent internal consistency. Positive relationships between all items of the matrix of the inter-items correlation coefficients were found. The value of coefficients ranged from 0.56 to 0.90 at a significance level of p < 0.01. Construct validity was supported by the fact that oral health condition was correlated with total OHIP score. It was observed that there is a correlation between the quality of life evaluated with the OHIP-14 test and dental condition, dental needs, wearing removable dentures and self-assessment of general health and oral health condition.
Conclusion. The obtained data indicated the reliability and validity of OHIP-14 instrument for the assessment of oral health-related quality of life for in Polish adult population.

Key words

quality of life, elderly, validation, OHIP-14, oral health-related quality of life.

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