Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2014, vol. 23, nr 5, September-October, p. 785–790
Publication type: original article
The Range of Lesions in the Small Intestine of Children with Celiac Disease Determined by Capsule Endoscopy
1 Department of Pediatric Endoscopy and Gastrointestinal Function Testing, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
2 Department and Clinic of Pediatrics, Allergology and Gastroenterology, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Background. Celiac disease is a chronic gluten intolerance which can cause small intestinal inflammatory lesions of different intensity, scope and distribution.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to assess the distribution and scope of lesions revealed by endoscopy in the small intestine of children and adolescents with untreated celiac disease.
Material and Methods. A total of nine patients aged from 15 to 18 years (average age: 16 years) were enrolled in the study, including seven girls and two boys who had been diagnosed with histologically confirmed celiac disease. Following a bowel cleansing all the patients were subjected to examination of the small intestine using an endoscopic capsule (EndoCapsule EC, Olympus, Tokyo, Japan).
Results. The examination was complete in eight of the patients. In six patients the capsule endoscopy revealed continuous lesions in the duodenum and the proximal small intestine. In one child continuous lesions occurred only in a short section of the bowel, within the duodenum. In one patient the abnormalities were located in the proximal small intestine without any lesions in duodenum. In one case, segmental lesions were observed in the distal small intestine, without any lesions in the duodenum or in the proximal part of the bowel. The results for the endoscopic markers of celiac disease were as follows: in all the patients a significant shortening or complete lack of villous structure was noted; in six patients scalloping was observed at the peaks of the circular folds; in three patients granulation was observed; and in three patients a mosaic mucosal pattern was noted.
Conclusion. The most frequent type of lesions revealed by capsule endoscopy in pediatric patients with untreated celiac disease seems to be continuous lesions in the duodenum and the proximal small intestine. Some patients can develop macroscopic lesions (and probably microscopic ones as well) that are beyond the reach of traditional endoscopy. In such cases, capsule endoscopy can help to determine and diagnose celiac disease and to establish the need for lifelong dietary treatment.
celiac disease, capsule endoscopy, children.
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