Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 2.1
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ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2013, vol. 22, nr 3, May-June, p. 303–307

Publication type: editorial article

Language: English

Dental Erosion in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Erozja zębów u pacjentów z chorobą refluksową przełyku

Alina Picos1,A,B,C,D,F, Andrea Chisnoiu1,B,C,D, Dan L. Dumitrascu2,B,C,E,F

1 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

2 2nd Medical Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition. In addition to esophageal alterations, there are several extra-esophageal symptoms, such as dental erosion. These areas of dental erosion have a characteristic localization and may sometimes be the first symptom of the GERD syndrome. Late recognition of these effects, or ignoring them, may cause irreversible dental lesions with a negative impact on esthetics, on masticator functions and hence on the digestive system. In this paper the effects of gastroesophageal reflux on hard dental tissues are reviewed.


Choroba refluksowa przełyku (GERD) występuje często. Oprócz zmian w samym przełyku występują zmiany w innych narządach, np. erozja zębów. Te zmiany mają charakterystyczne umiejscowienie i czasem są pierwszym objawem GERD. Późne rozpoznanie dolegliwości lub ich zignorowanie może spowodować nieodwracalne uszkodzenia zębów, mające ujemny wpływ na estetykę, czynność żucia, a także układ pokarmowy. W pracy opisano wpływ refluksu żołądkowo-przełykowego na twardą tkankę zębów.

Key words

dental erosion, gastroesophageal reflux, chemical dissolution of tooth structures.

Słowa kluczowe

erozja zębów, refluks żołądkowo-przełykowy, chemiczne rozpuszczanie struktury zębów.

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