Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 2.1
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ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2007, vol. 16, nr 4, July-August, p. 561–568

Publication type: review article

Language: English

Superoxide Dismutase as a Potential Therapeutic Agent

Dysmutaza ponadtlenkowa jako potencjalny czynnik terapeutyczny

Michał Skrzycki1,, Hanna Czeczot1,

1 Department of Biochemistry Medical University of Warsaw, Poland


Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is a major antioxidative enzyme and the only one that neutralizes superoxide ion, a precursor of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their reactive derivatives. ROS can cause considerable damage to biological systems and are implicated in many pathologies, e.g. neurodegenerative diseases, tumors, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes. This paper presents a history of the discovery of superoxide dismutase and the functions of particular SOD isoforms in the organism. It also describes the possibilities of their use in the treatment of free−radical−based diseases.


Dysmutaza ponadtlenkowa (SOD) jest głównym i jedynym enzymem antyoksydacyjnym, który unieczynnia w komórkach anionorodnik ponadtlenkowy – prekursor wolnych rodników tlenowych (w.r.t.) i ich reaktywnych pochodnych. Skutki działania w.r.t. prowadzą do rozwoju wielu patologii (chorób neurodegeneracyjnych, nowotworów, miażdżycy, nadciśnienia, cukrzycy i innych). W artykule przedstawiono historię odkrycia dysmutazy ponadtlenkowej i funkcje, jakie pełnią poszczególne izoenzymy SOD w organizmie, omówiono także możliwości ich zastosowania w terapii chorób o podłożu wolnorodnikowym.

Key words

superoxide dismutase, oxidative stress, enzymatic therapy, SOD mimetics

Słowa kluczowe

dysmutaza ponadtlenkowa, stres oksydacyjny, terapia enzymatyczna, mimetyki SOD

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