Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.736
5-Year Impact Factor – 2.135
Index Copernicus  – 168.52
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2020, vol. 29, nr 3, March, p. 325–330

doi: 10.17219/acem/112601

Publication type: original article

Language: English

License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

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The effect of middle ear effusion on the inner ear condition in children

Katarzyna Pazdro-Zastawny1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Tomasz Zatoński1,E,F

1 Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the most common cause of hearing impairment among children in developed nations. Middle ear (ME) fluid accumulation leads to progressive hearing impairment, usually of the conductive type. In some cases, mixed hearing loss associated with OME has been noted. It was reported that effusion in the ME has a negative impact on the vestibular system of the inner ear.
Objectives. The aim of this random-sample cohort study was to evaluate postural stability and the influence of ME drainage on vestibulospinal reflexes in children with OME, and to determine whether disturbances in the vestibular organ correlate with a sensorineural component in OME-related hearing loss.
Material and Methods. The study group consisted of 53 children with bilateral OME who were treated with bilateral ME drainage. The study group was divided into subgroups according to hearing loss. The control group consisted of 29 healthy children. Vestibular function and hearing evaluation were performed before and 4 weeks after drainage.
Results. A comparison of the stabilograms of the study group and the control group revealed elevated parameters in most of the tests. In the subgroup with mixed hearing loss, either before or after ME drainage, elevated stabilogram parameters were found in all tests. Posturography revealed vestibular system disturbances before and after ME drainage in the subgroup with mixed hearing loss, especially before ME drainage. The stabilogram parameters in the subgroup with conductive hearing loss after ME drainage were better in most tests in comparison to those before the procedure.
Conclusion. The presence of effusion in the ME has a negative effect on the inner ear. We highlight the importance of monitoring the condition of the vestibular system in all children with OME, especially in cases with mixed hearing loss and more advanced clinical stages of the disease.

Key words

vertigo, balance disorders, otitis media with effusion

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