Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.727
Index Copernicus  – 166.39
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 271–275

doi: 10.17219/acem/69261

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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The role of hypoxia-inducible factors in leukemias

Donata Szymczak1,D, Jarosław Dybko1,A,D, Kazimierz Kuliczkowski1,D,E

1 Department of Hematology, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Hypoxia, understood as low partial oxygen pressure, has become one of the most explored fields in recent years. Cellular response to hypoxia is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) – potent transcription regulators, and their downstream pathways. In general, HIFs modify energy metabolism, inflammation and immune response, enhance cancer invasion, metastasis, resistance to treatment, and relapse. The influence of HIFs on the progression of leukemia is still under investigation in various studies, but in mice and some human models HIFs have been recognized as leukemia immortalizers by promoting leukemic stem cell quiescence and inhibiting their cell cycle. This makes leukemic stem cells resistant to most known treatment approaches. The role of HIFs in solid tumors and leukemia makes them almost ideal targets for an anticancer treatment. Although the first attempts with new molecules are encouraging, there is a need to investigate the ambiguous role of HIFs to develop a modern antileukemic treatment.

Key words

leukemia, hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor-1

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