Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2016, vol. 25, nr 3, May-June, p. 545–550
Publication type: original article
Dental Caries Level and Sugar Consumption in 12-Year-Old Children from Poland
1 Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
2 Department of Experimental Statistics and Bioinformatics, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Pedodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
Background. The frequent and high consumption of sugar products, particularly sucrose, is one of the causative factors of dental caries. Meta-analyses assessing the relationship between sugar intake and dental caries revealed that a restricted sugar intake to less than 10% of the daily energy intake results in substantial health benefits. Sugar consumption in Poland is 2-fold higher than recommended by the WHO. As change in dietary habits is slow, knowledge of whether a gradual reduction of sugar consumption influences beneficially the dental condition is important.
Objectives. Assessment of the relationship between caries experience and sugar consumption in 12-year-old children.
Material and Methods. The data obtained from the Statistical Agricultural Yearbooks of the Central Statistical Office in Poland regarding the average yearly sugar intake by a person in the years 1995–2013, and caries prevalence (frequency and DMFT) resulting from the national epidemiological studies of the 12-year-old children conducted by the Ministry of Health in those years were analyzed. The data was analyzed by linear regression. Regression function parameters and coefficients of determination were assessed for a possible link between sugar consumption and dental caries frequency and severity was expressed as DMFT value.
Results. The mean yearly sugar intake by a statistical Pole ranged from 43.6 kg (2002) to 35.3 kg (2006). Despite a slight trend to lower the sugar consumption, its mean intake in 1995 and 2013 was the same (41.9 kg). Caries frequency and DMFT decreased in 2012 compared to 1995 from 90.5% to 79.6% and from 4.3 to 3.53 kg in 2012, respectively. The increased sugar intake by 1 kg/year caused the increase of caries frequency by 1% and DMFT value by 0.2.
Conclusion. Even a relatively low decrease in sugar consumption can exert some beneficial influence on the dental condition in adolescents, particularly upon the severity of caries.
dental caries, sugar consumption, children, tracheotomy in children
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