Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2018, vol. 27, nr 3, March, p. 313–319
Publication type: original article
The correlation between pancreatic dysfunction markers and selected indices of periodontitis
1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
2 Department of Pathology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
3 Department of Gastroenterological Surgery and Transplantation, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Warszawa, Poland
4 Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Unit, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Warszawa, Poland
Background. Periodontitis is a major risk factor of systemic diseases with inflammatory etiology. Numerous studies have established the connection between periodontal condition and diabetes, but there are no reports in the literature on the relationship between periodontitis and other pancreas conditions. The activity of pancreatic enzymes is an important parameter of pancreatic damage, and is also a diagnostic marker of acute and chronic pancreatitis, and the bleeding index determines the periodontitis activity. To date, the periodontal status in both of the above-mentioned conditions has not been examined.
Objectives. The objective of the study was to provide a clinical evaluation of oral cavity hygiene and the condition of periodontal tissues in patients diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma or chronic pancreatitis and in the control group, and to assess the correlation between the activity of periodontitis and the concentration of glycated hemoglobin HbA1c, lipase activity and pancreatic amylase in serum from the examined groups.
Material and Methods. The serum activity levels of amylase, lipase and HbA1c concentration were correlated with periodontitis activity markers in patients diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis (n = 41), pancreatic cancer (n = 29) and in the control group (n = 50).
Results. In the group with chronic pancreatitis, we have found a positive association between the bleeding on probing (BOP) and the amylase activity (r = 0.64) as well as the lipase (r = 0.62; p < 0.05). The patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer evinced a higher value of the inflammatory response index, namely 1.51, than the other studied groups (H = 24.94; p = 0.01). Patients diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis evinced the highest periodontitis activity indices: BOP: 62.53% (H = 61.31; p = 0.01) and probing depth (PD): 4.14 ±0.89 mm (H = 22.43; p < 0.0001).
Conclusion. The study showed that periodontitis in patients with pancreatic cancer is independent of the state of oral hygiene. In the group of patients with chronic pancreatitis, the observed positive correlation between the bleeding index and the enzyme activity suggests interaction between the examined diseases.
chronic pancreatitis, periodontitis, pancreatic cancer
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