Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.727
Index Copernicus  – 166.39
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

Download original text (EN)

Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 277–282

doi: 10.17219/acem/74124

Publication type: review article

Language: English

Download citation:

  • BIBTEX (JabRef, Mendeley)
  • RIS (Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero)

Telemedicine and eHealth in Poland from 1995 to 2015

Wojciech M. Glinkowski1,2,A,B,C,D,E,F, Maria Karlińska1,2,A,B,C,D,E,F, Michał Karliński1,3,A,B,C,D,E,F, Elizabeth A. Krupiński4,E,F

1 Polish Telemedicine and eHealth Society, Warszawa, Poland

2 Department of Medical Informatics and Telemedicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

3 2nd Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warszawa, Poland

4 Department of Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, United States


The aim of this study is to present a review based on the literature and proceedings from selected telemedicine conferences. The review was developed using the PRISMA framework. The Embase and PubMed (updated until July 13, 2015) literature databases were searched for telemedicine-related terms and Poland. The literature search identified 129 eligible articles in the databases and 85 in conference proceedings until July 2015. Articles measured as a number of contributions per year presented a similar rising, fluctuating and almost parallel pattern. Fifty-nine percent of the reviewed papers were published in impacted journals. Almost half of all publications presented original papers. The published articles concerned mostly cardiology (16%), family medicine (15%) and pathology (11%). Conference proceedings papers concerned orthopedics (29%, significantly more frequent; p < 0.001) and cardiology (14%). Scientific activity of researchers and practitioners in Poland in the field of telemedicine is not high, but it is increasing over time. There is a tendency to present the research rather in high-quality journals instead of conferences before publication. The occurrence of individual medical specialty telemedicine in Poland may reflect country-specific needs.

Key words

Poland, telemedicine, literature review, telehealth, eHealth

References (57)

  1. Bajwa M. Emerging 21st century medical technologies. Pak J Med Sci. 2014;30(3):649–655.
  2. Glinkowski W, ed. Advances in international telemedicine and eHealth. Around the world. Warszawa: Medipage Ltd.; 2006.
  3. Franke M, Lipiński W. Zmiany elektrograficzne w chorobach zakaźnych. Polska Gazeta Lekarska. 1936;15(9):1–11.
  4. Hersh WR, Hickam DH, Severance SM, Dana TL, Krages KP, Helfand M. Telemedicine for the medicare population: Update. Evidence report/technology assessment. 2006;(131):1–41.
  5. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Group P. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA Statement. Open Med. 2009;3(3):e123–130.
  6. Ricke J, Kleinholz L, Hosten N, et al. Telemedicine in rural areas. Experience with medical desktop-conferencing via satellite. J Telemed Telecare. 1995;1(4):224–228.
  7. Andreassen HK, Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Chronaki CE, et al. European citizens’ use of E-health services: A study of seven countries. BMC Public Health. 2007;7:53. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-53
  8. Kummervold PE, Chronaki CE, Lausen B, et al. eHealth trends in Europe 2005–2007: A population-based survey. J Med Internet Res. 2008;10(4):e42. doi:10.2196/jmir.1023
  9. Glinkowski W, Ciszek B. WWW-based e-teaching of normal anatomy as an introduction to telemedicine and e-health. Telemed J E Health. 2007;13(5):535–544.
  10. Glinkowski W, Pawłowska K, Kozłowska L. Telehealth and telenursing perception and knowledge among university students of nursing in Poland. Telemed J E Health. 2013;19(7):523–529. doi:10.1089/tmj.2012.0217
  11. Wysocki WM, Moesta KT, Schlag PM. Surgery, surgical education and surgical diagnostic procedures in the digital era. Med Sci Monit. 2003;9(3):RA69–75.
  12. Duplaga M, Leszczuk M, Zielinski K. Improving access of associated states to advanced concepts in medical telematics – A day before the accession to EU. Int J Med Inform. 2006;75(3–4):300–305. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2005.08.014
  13. Duplaga M. E-health development policies in new member states in Central Europe. World Hosp Health Serv. 2007;43(2):34–38.
  14. Maciejewski M, Surtel W, Wojcik W, Masiak J, Dzida G, Horoch A. Telemedical systems for home monitoring of patients with chronic conditions in rural environment. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(1):167–173.
  15. Duplaga M. The acceptance of e-health solutions among patients with chronic respiratory conditions. Telemed J E Health. 2013;19(9):683–691. doi:10.1089/tmj.2012.0306
  16. Grabowski M, Filipiak KJ, Rudowski R, Opolski G. Project of an expert system supporting risk stratification and therapeutic decision making in acute coronary syndromes. Pol J Pathol. 2003;54(3):205–208.
  17. Sierdzinski J, Karpinski G. Electronic patient record and archive of records in system for telecardiology. Pol J Pathol. 2003;54(3):223–226.
  18. Piotrowicz E. How to do: Telerehabilitation in heart failure patients. Cardiol J. 2012;19(3):243–248.
  19. Piotrowicz E, Jasionowska A, Banaszak-Bednarczyk M, Gwilkowska J, Piotrowicz R. ECG telemonitoring during home-based cardiac rehabilitation in heart failure patients. J Telemed Telecare. 2012;18(4):193–197. doi:10.1258/jtt.2012.111005
  20. Piotrowicz E, Stepnowska M, Leszczynska-Iwanicka K, et al. Quality of life in heart failure patients undergoing home-based telerehabilitation versus outpatient rehabilitation: A randomized controlled study. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2015;14(3):256–263. doi:10.1177/1474515114537023
  21. Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Staniszewski A, Steciwko A, Puchała E. System of telemedicine services designed for family doctors’ practices. Telemed J E Health. 2000;6(4):449–452.
  22. Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Puchala E, Steciwko A. Telemedicine for diabetes support in family doctors’ practices: A pilot project. J Telemed Telecare. 2006;12(Suppl 1):8–10. doi:10.1258/135763306777978551
  23. Szymas J, Lundin M. Five years of experience teaching pathology to dental students using the WebMicroscope. Diag Pathol. 2011;6(Suppl 1):S13. doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-S1-S13
  24. Slodkowska J, Markiewicz T, Grala B, et al. Accuracy of a remote quantitative image analysis in the whole slide images. Diagn Pathol. 2011;6(Suppl 1):S20. doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-S1-S20
  25. Gackowski A, Czekierda L, Chrustowicz A, et al. Development, implementation, and multicenter clinical validation of the TeleDICOM – Advanced, interactive teleconsultation system. J Digit Imaging. 2011;24(3):541–551. doi:10.1007/s10278-010-9303-8
  26. Przybylski A, Zakrzewska-Koperska J, Maciag A, et al. Technical and practical aspects of remote monitoring of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients in Poland: Preliminary results. Kardiol Pol. 2009;67(5):505–511.
  27. Piotrowicz E, Korzeniowska-Kubacka I, Chrapowicka A, et al. Feasibility of home-based cardiac telerehabilitation: Results of TeleInterMed study. Cardiol J. 2014;21(5):539–546. doi:10.5603/CJ.a2014.0005
  28. Ładyżyński P, Wójcicki JM. Home telecare during intensive insulin treatment – Metabolic control does not improve as much as expected. J Telemed Telecare. 2007;13(1):44–47. doi:10.1258/135763307779701167
  29. Wojcicki JM, Ladyzynski P, Foltynski P. What we can really expect from telemedicine in intensive diabetes treatment: 10 years later. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2013;15(3):260–268. doi:10.1089/dia.2012.0242
  30. Szymas J, Papierz W, Danilewicz M. Real-time teleneuropathology for a second opinion of neurooncological cases. Folia Neuropathol. 2000;38(1):43–46.
  31. Szymas J, Wolf G, Papierz W, Jarosz B, Weinstein RS. Online Internet-based robotic telepathology in the diagnosis of neuro-oncology cases: A teleneuropathology feasibility study. Human pathology. 2001;32(12):1304–1308. doi:10.1053/hupa.2001.29647
  32. Slodkowska J, Pankowski J, Siemiatkowska K, Chyczewski L. Use of the virtual slide and the dynamic real-time telepathology systems for a consultation and the frozen section intra-operative diagnosis in thoracic/pulmonary pathology. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2009;47(4):679–684. doi:10.2478/v10042-010-0009-z
  33. Wasowski A, Skarzynski PH, Lorens A, Obrycka A, Walkowiak A, Bruski L. Remote fitting of cochlear implant system. Cochlear Implants Int. 2010;11(Suppl 1):489–492. doi:10.1179/146701010X12671177318105
  34. Pankowska A, Zgoda M, Skarzynski H, Wasowski A, Geremek A. Home rehabilitation clinic as a form of support for parents of implanted children. Cochlear Implants Int. 2010;11(Suppl 1):360–363. doi:10.1179/146701010X12671177989912
  35. Kamińska-Winciorek G. – Consolidation, diagnostic and consultative platform for doctors. Nowotwory. 2013;63:180–182.
  36. Koziarska D, Wunsch E, Milkiewicz M, Wojcicki M, Nowacki P, Mil-kiewicz P. Mini-Mental State Examination in patients with hepatic encephalopathy and liver cirrhosis: A prospective, quantified electroencephalography study. BMC Gastroenterol. 2013;13:107. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-13-107
  37. Krzystanek M, Krupka-Matuszczyk I. Telepsychiatry – Psychiatric advice on the Internet. Psychiat Pol. 2003;37(6):1073–1082.
  38. Krzystanek E, Opala G. Teleneurology: A new form of physician–patient communication. Wiad Lek. 2005;58(1–2):21–24.
  39. Lesnicka A. Polish e-therapy: A survey among specialists conducting psychotherapy via internet. Psychiatria. 2009;6:43–50.
  40. Mierzynska A, Kowalska M, Stepnowska M, Piotrowicz R. Psychological support for patients following myocardial infarction. Cardiol J. 2010;17(3):319–324.
  41. Glowacki M, Czernicki Z, Jurkiewicz J, Walasek N. Teleradiology in neurosurgery, based on the experience of the Department of Neurosurgery, Polish Academy of Sciences. Pol J Radiol. 2005;70:27–34.
  42. Duplaga M, Soja J, Cala J, et al. The impact of teleconsultations at a referential centre on the management of pulmonary patients. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004;105:92–99.
  43. Walecki P, Sarapata K, Lason W, Pyrczak W, Roterman-Konieczna I, Balwierz W. Telemedical database of Hodgkin’s disease. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004;105:51–57.
  44. Glinkowski W. Web-based support for fracture healing evaluation and monitoring. Telemed J E Health. 2011;17(3):201–210. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.0131
  45. Glinkowski W, Michonski J, Glinkowska B, Zukowska A, Sitnik R, Gorecki A. Telediagnostic 3D school screening of back curvatures and posture using structured light method: Pilot study. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;176:291–294.
  46. Glinkowski W, Michonski J, Zukowska A, Glinkowska B, Sitnik R, Gorecki A. The time effectiveness of three-dimensional telediagnostic postural screening of back curvatures and scoliosis. Telemed J E Health. 2014;20(1):11–17. doi:10.1089/tmj.2013.0107
  47. Glinkowski W, Pawłowska K, Kozłowska L. Telehealth and telenursing perception and knowledge among university students of nursing in poland. Telemed J E Health. 2013;19(7):523–529. doi:10.1089/tmj.2012.0217
  48. Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Mastalerz-Migas A. Usage of medical internet and e-health services by the elderly. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2015;834:75–80. doi:10.1007/5584_2014_74
  49. Borkowski W, Mielniczuk H. New trends in child cancer information systems development in Poland. Med Wieku Rozwoj. 2003;7(3): 305–313.
  50. Karlinska M, Rudowski R. E-Health in Polish local hospitals: Present state, requirements and possibilities. . Accessed April 7, 2017.
  51. Kononowicz AA, Krawczyk P, Cebula G, et al. Effects of introducing a voluntary virtual patient module to a basic life support with an automated external defibrillator course: A randomised trial. BMC Med Educ. 2012;12:41. doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-41
  52. Szkolnicka B, Mitrus M, Morawska J, Satora L, Targosz D. Toxic exposure of children in 2004 – Telephone service of toxicology. Przegl Lek. 2005;62(6):564–567.
  53. Duplaga M, Juszkiewicz K, Leszczuk M. Telelearning standards and their application in medical education. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004;105:308–316.
  54. Kosiedowski M, Mazurek C, Stroinski M, Weglarz J. Grid-supported Medical Digital Library. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;126:127–136.
  55. Klar R, Pelikan E. Telemedicine in Germany: Status, chances and limits. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz. 2009;52(3):263–269. doi:10.1007/s00103-009-0787-7
  56. Brauns HJ, Loos W. Telemedicine in Germany: Status, barriers, perspectives. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz. 2015;58(10):1068–1073. doi:10.1007/s00103-015-2223-5
  57. Wang Z, Gu H. A review of telemedicine in China. J Telemed Telecare. 2009;15(1):23–27. doi:10.1258/jtt.2008.080508