Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Title abbreviation: Adv Clin Exp Med
JCR Impact Factor (IF) – 1.727
Index Copernicus  – 166.39
MEiN – 70 pts

ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
Periodicity – monthly

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2016, vol. 25, nr 6, November-December, p. 1281–1291

doi: 10.17219/acem/65980

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Whole-body Cryostimulation as an Effective Method of Reducing Oxidative Stress in Healthy Men

Agata Stanek1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Karolina Sieroń-Stołtny2,B,C,D,E,F, Ewa Romuk3,B,C,D,E,F, Armand Cholewka4,B,C,D,E,F, Tomasz Wielkoszyński3,B,C,D,E,F, Grzegorz Cieślar1,B,C,D,E,F, Sebastian Kwiatek1,B,C,D,E,F, Aleksander Sieroń1,B,C,D,E,F, Aleksandra Kawczyk-Krupka1,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Angiology and Physical Medicine, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Poland

2 Department of Physical Medicine, Chair of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Poland

3 Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Poland

4 Department of Medical Physics, Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Poland

Abstract

Background. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) is the therapeutic exposure of the total human body (without underwear) to a very low temperature (below –100°C) for 120–180 s. Currently, WBC is used more frequently not only in the treatment of patients suffering from various diseases, but also by healthy people as a wellness method.
Objectives. The aim of this research is to evaluate the impact of WBC procedures on oxidative stress parameters in healthy men.
Material and Methods. The study involved 32 healthy male subjects who were randomly divided into 2 groups: 16 men exposed to WBC procedures with subsequent kinesiotherapy (WBC group) and 16 men exposed only to kinesiotherapy procedures (KT group). Depending on the group, the subjects were exposed to 10 daily WBC procedures lasting 3 min, with a subsequent 60-min of kinesiotherapy, or exclusively to kinesiotherapy. In subjects from both groups, a day before the beginning of a cycle of treatment and a day after its completion, the level of selected indicators of oxidative stress and non-enzymatic antioxidants, as well as the activity of antioxidant enzymes in serum, plasma and erythrocyte lysates were determined.
Results. In the WBC group subjects, we recorded a statistically significant decrease in the concentrations of most of the parameters of oxidative stress with an accompanying increase in plasma concentrations of non-enzymatic antioxidants (total antioxidant status and uric acid). We recorded no significant changes in the activities of antioxidant enzymes (plasma total superoxide dismutase (SOD) and its isoenzymes SOD-Mn and SOD-ZnCu, erythrocyte catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase).
Conclusion. The results we obtained confirmed that WBC decreases oxidative stress in healthy men.

Key words

oxidative stress, antioxidant enzymes, whole-body cryostimulation, healthy men, non-enzymatic antioxidants

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